Non abbiamo ancora fatto le valigie! We haven't packed yet!
Nella fretta non abbiamo fatto colazione. In all the rush we didn't have breakfast.
<< Sentential adverbs
3) Expressing physical sensations and feelings: To express sensations felt at a certain time we use the verbs avere (to have) or essere (to be) plus a noun or an adjective.
Avere + freddo/caldo/paura/fame/sonno (noun) to be cold/hot/afraid/hungry/sleepy
- Avete fame? Are you hungry?
- Ho freddo! I'm cold.
Essere + stanco/preoccupato/felice/annoiato (adjective) to be tired/worried/happy/bored
- Sono stanco. I'm tired.
- Sei annoiata. You're bored.
NB: Adjectives which come after essere have to agree with the subject in terms of gender and number.
4) The plural form of nouns and adjectives ending in -co/-ca
For nouns and adjectives which end in -co and -ca we apply the following rules:
The plural of the feminine form is always -che.
The plural of the masculine form is -chi if the stress is on the penultimate syllable while if the stress is on the third from last syllable the adjective or noun ends in -ci.
Banco — banchi
stress is on penultimate syllable: "banco": ban- co
Tipico — tipici
stress is on third from last syllable: ti- pi- co
Magico — magici
stress is on third from last syllable: ma- gi- co
5) Test what you've learnt in this lesson:
<< Exercise 14-a
<< Exercise 14-b