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Italian Alphabet

The Italian alphabet is made up of 21 letters:

  • 16 consonants

and

  • 5 vowels
A;a
a
B;b
bi
C;c
ci
D;d
di
E;e
e
F;f
effe
G;g
gi
H;h
acca
I;i
i
L;l
elle
M;m
emme
N;n
enne
O;o
o
P;p
pi
Q;q
qu
R;r
erre
S;s
esse
T;t
ti
U;u
u
V;v
vu / vi
Z;z
zeta

Listen to the Italian alphabet

J, K, W, X and Y are rarely used in Italian and are almost always found in words which have been taken from a foreign language.

e.g. yacht, xenofobia, watt, jazz, knock-out.

J;j
i lunga
K;k
cappa
W;w
doppia vu
X;x
ics
Y;y
ipsilon / i greca

THE VOWELS

Spelling
Pronunciation/phonetics
a
casa, cane
kasa, kane
e, é
sera, perché
sera, per'ke
e, è
testa, caffè
testa, kaffè
i
vita, vino
vita, vino
o
pronto, sole
pronto, sole
u
futuro, uva
fu'turo, uva

THE CONSONANTS

Spelling
Pronunciation/phonetics
b
botte, ballo
botte, ballo
c
casa, cucina
kasa, ku'tina
ch
chiesa, chiave
'kieza, 'kjave
d
dote, denaro
dote, de'naro
f
fiume, fame
fiume, fame
g
gatto, gonna
gatto, gonna
g
gentile, giacca
dgen'tile, dgakka
gh
ghiro, preghiera
giro, pre'gjera
gn
legno, gnomo
legno, gnomo
l
libro, lavoro
libro, la'voro
m
mano, mare
mano, mare
n
notte, nave
notte, nave
p
porta, parte
porta, parte
qu
quadro, quando
kwadro, kwando
r
roma, rumore
roma, ru'more
s
sera, sole
sera, sole
t
torre, tavolo
torre, 'tavolo
v
vento, verità
vento, verità
z
zio, vizio
tsio, vitstsjo
z
zero, azienda
dzero, adz'dzjenda

 

 

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