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Comparative Forms in Italian

There are three kinds of comparatives in Italian:

  • Comparatives of majority
  • Comparatives of minority
  • Comparatives of equality

Comparatives of majority and minority:

To make the comparative form we should place the adverbs più (for a comparative of majority) or meno (for a comparative of minority) before the adjective. We should then use the preposition di or che.

più
or
meno
+
adjective
+

di
or
che

When we use DI:

1. When we compare people or things, and there is 1 adjective.

Examples:

Casa mia è più piccola di casa tua.
My house is smaller than your house.

Lei è più ricca di lui.
She is richer than him.

Mio fratello è meno alto di me.
My brother is less tall than me.

2. When we use a number.

Examples:

La benzina costa più di 1.50 euro al litro adesso.
Petrol costs more than 1.50 euros a litre now.

Quella casa ha più di 200 anni.
That house is more than 200 years old.

When we use CHE:

1. When there are 2 adjectives and 1 noun.

Example:

Il libro è più interessante che bello.
The book is more interesting than good.

2. When we use 2 verbs in the infinitive form and 1 adjective.

Example:

Giocare è più divertente che guardare.
Playing is more fun than watching.

3. When there is a preposition before the noun or pronoun.

Example:

C'e più storia a Londra che a Los Angeles.
There's more history in London than in Los Angeles.

Comparatives of equality:

To make a comparative of equality, we use tanto or così before the adjective and come or quanto after.

tanto
or
così
+
adjective
+

come
or
quanto

We can omit tanto or così but we have to use come and quanto.

Examples:

Il mio gatto è (tanto) grande quanto il tuo.
My cat is as big as yours.

Londra è (così) bella come Parigi.
London is as beautiful as Paris.

When there are 2 adjectives and 1 noun we use the form tanto quanto.

Example:

Sei bella tanto quanto sei intelligente!
You are as beautiful as you are intelligent!

There are some irregular comparative forms. Instead of using più, we have to use the

Adjective
buono (good)
cattivo (bad)
grande (big)
piccolo (small)
alto (tall)
basso (low)

Comparative form
migliore
(better)
peggiore (worse)
maggiore (bigger)
minore (smaller)
superiore (higher)
inferiore (lower)

Adverb
bene (well)
male (badly)
molto (much)
poco (little)

Comparative form
meglio (better)
peggio (worse)
più (more)
meno (less)

Examples:

La tua macchina è migliore della mia.
Your car is better than mine.
Il tuo pc è peggiore del mio.
Your computer is worse than mine.

 

See also:

Comparatives and Superlatives Italian Course - Unit 13

The comparative form - The superlative form Italian Exercise - Level A2 (Pre-Intermediate)

Comparatives and Superlatives Italian Exercise - Level B1 (Intermediate)


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