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Italian Participles

The participle is an impersonal form.
There are two forms, the present participle and the past participle.

a. The present participle is used as:

a noun (e.g. insegnante),
an adjective(e.g. pesante),
occasionally as an adverb (e.g. mediante).

For regular verbs it is formed in the following way:

amare

=
amante

credere

=

credente

dormire

=
dormiente

b. The past participle is used to form certain tenses of verbs.

Examples:

Ho letto tantissimi libri.
Ieri siete stati al mare?
I miei genitori sono partiti questa mattina.

Every verb has a past participle and for regular verbs it is formed in the following way:

Mangiare
(to eat)

Credere
(to believe)

Partire
(to leave)

mangiato

creduto

partito

The past participle of the verbs essere and avere.

Essere (to be)

Avere (to have)

stato/a

avuto

Here are some irregular past participles:

Verbi

Participio Passato

rimanere
venire
fare
leggere
mettere
prendere
vedere

rimasto/a
venuto/a
fatto
letto
messo
preso
visto

 

See also:

Italian Course: Unit 8 Formation of the Past participle for regular verbs

Italian Irregular Verbs Past participles of irregular verbs

Italian dictations: Il viaggio di Paolo The perfect tense and participle

Italian Past Participle Exercise Level B1 (Intermediate)

 

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